Every now and then you don't want to approach a web site from your own address. There may be a number of "valid" reasons for doing that besides any criminal activity. Even YouTube has geoIP-limitations for certain live feeds. Or you may be a road warrior approaching the Internet from a different IP every time and want to even that out.
Anyway, there is a simple way of doing that: expose a HTTP-proxy to the Net and configure your browser to use that. Whenever you choose to have someting agains the wild-wild-net be very aware, that you're opening a door for The Bad Guys also. In this case, if somebody gets a hint that they can act anonymously via your server, they'd be more than happy to do so. To get all The Bad Guys out of your own personal proxy using some sort of authentication mechanism would be a very good idea.
Luckily, my weapon-of-choice Squid caching proxy has a number of pluggable authentication mechanisms built-into it. On Linux, the simplest one to have would be the already existing unix users accounts. BEWARE! This literally means transmitting your password plain text for each request you make to the wire. At the present only Google's Chrome can access Squid via HTTPS to protect your proxy password, and even that can be quirky, an autoconfig needs to be used. For example Mozilla Firefox has had a request for support in the existence since 2007, but no avail yet.
If you choose to go unencrypted HTTP-way and have your password exposed each time, this is the recipe for CentOS 6. First edit your /etc/squid/squid.conf to contain (the gray things should already be there):
# Example rule allowing access from your local networks.
# Adapt localnet in the ACL section to list your (internal) IP networks
# from where browsing should be allowed
http_access allow localnet
http_access allow localhost
# Proxy auth:
auth_param basic program /usr/lib64/squid/pam_auth
auth_param basic children 5
auth_param basic realm Authenticating Squid HTTP-proxy
auth_param basic credentialsttl 2 hours
# Authenticated users
acl password proxy_auth REQUIRED
http_access allow password
# And finally deny all other access to this proxy
# Allow for the (authenticated) world
http_access deny all
Reload Squid and your /var/log/messages will contain:
(pam_auth): Unable to open admin password file: Permission denied
This happens for the simple reason, that Squid effectively runs as user squid, not as root and that user cannot access the shadow password DB. LDAP would be much better for this (it is much better in all cases). Original:
# ls -l /usr/lib64/squid/pam_auth
-rwxr-xr-x. 1 root root 15376 Oct 1 16:44 /usr/lib64/squid/pam_auth
The only reasonable fix is to run the authenticator as SUID-root. This is generally a stupid idea and dangerous. For that reason we explicitly disallow usage for the authenticator for anybody else:
# chmod u+s /usr/lib64/squid/pam_auth
# chmod o= /usr/lib64/squid/pam_auth
# chgrp squid /usr/lib64/squid/pam_auth
Restart Squid and the authentication will work for you.