Earlier I wrote about Hyper-V crashing with BSOD. The entire project was doomed from the beginning. After I managed get the Windows not to crash, all I managed to do is get the Linux installer to hang whenever it attempted to anything major on the hard drive. I configured Hyper-V to provide the hard drive from a .vhdx-file, so I initially suspected that old .vhd-file might help, but no, nothing helped. Any minor operations succeeded, but any sort of normal usage made the Linux to hang.
Console message: "INFO: task jbd2/sda blocked for more than 120 seconds" and instruction to deactivate the warning with:
echo 0 > /proc/sys/kernel/hung_task_timeout_secs